There is no cure or treatment available for dementia. However, a new study has proved that adjusting to one’s lifestyle can reduce the risk of the disease. The new study was published on Sunday in the peer-reviewed medical journal Jama.
According to the evidence presented in the study, even people under a higher risk of developing the disease due to genetic factors can reduce their chances by maintaining a proper lifestyle. Some of the preventive measures include maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, avoiding drinking and smoking, and performing activities that help regulate brain cells.
During the study, about 196,383 Americans above the age of 60, were looked at for their chances of developing dementia. The trial found that only 1.13% of these adults who maintained a proper lifestyle had a chance of developing the disease later in life. Compared to that, 1.78% of adults who had a less healthy lifestyle were at possible risk. The researchers started recruiting participants between 2006 and 2010. The data for the study were collected from their medical reports from 2016 to 2017.
Tara Spires-Jones, UK Dementia Research Institute program lead, in a statement made to Science Media Centre, said that “While this well-conducted study adds to data suggesting that a healthy lifestyle can help prevent dementia in many people, it is important to remember that some people will develop dementia no matter how healthy their lifestyle.”
The study, however, is limited geographically and needs more convincing data to prove that a healthy lifestyle can reduce chances of dementia. The study was presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference this week. A few other studies presented at the seminar pointed at how adding or removing healthy habits from one’s lifestyle can affect their mental health.