Artificial intelligence is expected to bring significant change in various industrial sectors across the world. One of the industry that frantically needs a change is healthcare industry, and medical authorities, at global scale, are focusing on building proper infrastructure and strategy to integrate Artificial Intelligence (AI) in existing systems. Public and private healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, among others are investing in AI-powered systems, along with government initiatives. This is one of the key factors that could boost implementation of this potential game-changer in global healthcare industry.
Use of AI-powered equipment and overall system offers more efficiency in diagnosing individuals and helps reduce rate of errors. In 2020 a study reported that deep-learning (DL) AI-algorithms has ability to diagnose breast cancer more accurately as compared to 11 pathologists together. While demand for AI-powered systems is increasing in most developed countries, and demand in developing countries is set to boom in near future, nearly 96% of healthcare executives mentioned that current healthcare education requires an upgrade in developing countries to keep pace with rapidly changing technologies. This gap needs to be aggressively addressed for successful functioning of AI-based healthcare set ups. Also, hiring process approach needs to be changed, and healthcare education sector will need to work on it along with healthcare workplaces to expand talent-base and AI-skilled professionals.
Major factor that could hinder execution of this plan is high capital requirement. Other than this, cultural considerations, and no trust in AI-technologies are some other barriers that might obstruct. A section of population are open to AI implementation; however, it cannot be a complete replacement for soft skills offered by caretakers. Additionally, some primary challenges include dearth of reliable skilled professionals, and lack of investments to provide training to workforce, as they need to be reskilled with AI-related skills.
As Artificial Intelligence continues to evolve in healthcare sector, authorities stated that AI will adversely affect a number of professionals, as low-skilled workforce may possibly have no role in healthcare the next few years. Though the idea of AI integration is not to replace, but to contribute in better decision making and help increase accuracy rate, it will require skilled people to handle systems. AI will definitely provide large number of employment opportunities for the new generations.
Moreover, impetus on reskilling and up-skilling of the existing skills will be required across all generation and this phenomenon already exists across various sectors and is becoming imperative. Thus continuation of further education will rather become relevant in several sectors and healthcare is no exception for it.
Countries with large number of population such as China and India, among others, will need AI-based infrastructure the most, as healthcare sector has to cater to more patients. Developing countries have a long way ahead with regards to improvising the quality of healthcare facilities and ensuring everyone has equal access, and that is where AI comes in. AI can help reduce burden on healthcare providers with mundane tasks such as scheduling, keeping track of medical inventory, so that they can concentrate in more important work. Use of chat-bots and personalized solutions to offer better patient experience can be achieved with AI implementation, which in turn, can ensure accurate treatment and help facilities to stay ahead in highly competitive industry.
Benefits of adopting AI has already been observed in the US, while recent experience in vaccine distribution and challenges on inequality. AI can help to eradicate logistical challenge by forecasting demand, clearing out bottlenecks, and offering highest possible quality assurance in terms of right dosage administration. In addition, AI can help monitor for unusual vaccine side effects, especially during new strains of COVID-19 pandemic raging globally. This can also create opportunities for removing other challenges such as distribution of other vaccines ensuring proper dosage to people, especially children and pregnant mothers.